Bath, what is? In addition to the traditional wet American bath, the familiar dry air Finnish sauna, and the modern Turkish hammam, which is widespread in our country, there are still many different types of sauna. Almost every ethnicity has a peculiar bath. Each of them has its own characteristics and secrets. You can endlessly consider all types of baths and their characteristics because some nations even have some of them. For example, among Japanese saunas, there are three types at once – sento, ofuro, and aura ko. We will consider the most interesting types of biculturalism.
Egyptian mud bath rasul
Banya Rasul is from ancient Egypt. It is known that the pharaohs themselves were her fans. This is an exotic and powerful water vapor method. In addition to warming up, it involves wrapping the body with mud, sand, plant and algae extracts, and clay.
Rasul has a beneficial effect on the skin – it rejuvenates and cleanses it. In addition, healing substances pass through heated skin freely into the internal organs, saturating them and making them healthy.
Rasul mud baths are famous for their complex buildings. They are traditionally on two floors. The first is the technical area – there are powerful steam producers. Part of the steam is supplied through a special hole on the second floor directly into the sauna. The other part is spread over niches in the walls and floor of the second floor. This way the room is heated and the temperature is constantly the same.
Guests are on the second floor. Here, in addition to the sauna, there is a swimming pool with cold water, as well as heated marble chairs for massage.
A meeting in the Rasul bath begins with the guest having to wash thoroughly and dry himself. After that, you should go to the wet sauna. The temperature here is low – only about +40 degrees, but the humidity reaches 80%. After the body has been well evaporated, it is treated with mud compounds on the sunbeds. Useful ingredients should be on the skin for about 15 minutes. Afterward, the guest leaves the sauna and takes a rain shower. Finally, emollients and disinfectant oils are applied to the body.
This method has a positive effect not only on the skin but also on the internal organs, and mental state.
Egyptian sand bath
They knew about its useful properties even in ancient Egypt. According to the ancient Roman and Greek healers Pliny, Galen, Celius, and Herodotus, the sand vapor chamber had a positive effect on human blood vessels and helped to remove fat deposits.
Vertical sand bath
The essence of the procedure is as follows:
- We dig a hole in the sand to the height of a person and clean it, if necessary, of large debris, algae, and rocks. The sand is fine and homogeneous.
- We let the sand in the pit heat up well in the sun. It should be warm on the bottom and sides.
- The man gets into this depression. We fill it with sand to the neck.
- Cover the rester’s head with a dry towel or umbrella to prevent heat stroke.
The duration of such a session is from five to twenty minutes.
Depending on your goals and personal preferences, the sand bath provides additional methods:
- During the session, the individual is given a watermelon to induce increased sweating. This is recommended for people suffering from kidney stones.
- After the operation, the rester wraps himself in a dry towel, and drinks tea or broth to restore water balance.
- After the bath, bathe in seawater or fresh water.
When the body is in the sand, it warms evenly. The sweat that is released is also absorbed into the sand in the same way in all areas. As a result, the traveler does not experience discomfort such as temperature.
Horizontal sand bath
Please note that a visit to such a bath has its own contraindications. These include anemia, general wastage and pneumonia.
You can organize a kind of “sauna” as follows:
- We draw a base pit 0, 3-0, 4 meters deep, its width and length depending on the height and weight of the rester.
- We let it heat up in the sun up to + 60-70 degrees.
- The man goes into depression. We fill it with sand to a level of 10-12 cm. In this case, the sand layer on the stomach should not exceed 3 cm and leave the heart open.
- We wrap our heads in a damp towel or put on an umbrella.
The length of the meeting is up to 40 minutes. After the operation, you need to rest in the shade for 15-20 minutes and then take a shower.
The main advantage of this type of steam bath is that you can easily build a sand bath with your own hands. To do this, it is enough to go to the beach with fine sand closer to noon, when the air temperature is high enough to heat the pit of the required depth. If there is no way to get to the beach, then you can use this service at the spa.
The sand bath is a great choice for people with fungal diseases who are not recommended to visit the traditional sauna.
Czech beer bath
This innovation appeared in the Czech Republic about 9 years ago in the Chodovar brewery. It is said that a visit to a beer steam room leads to the saturation of the body with useful vitamins (beer contains a lot of B vitamins), which removes toxins and toxins. The skin after this procedure is smooth and soft. The effect is noticeable for several weeks. According to some reports, bathing in beer can even protect a person from the evil eye.
The essence of the beer bath is to heat the drink and the mineral water in equal proportions at a temperature of +37 degrees and fill the bath, which is usually produced in the form of an oak barrel. The length of the meeting should not exceed 30 minutes. After the operation, you need to wrap yourself and sleep. It is not recommended to wash immediately in water.
Contraindications to visiting the steam room: hypotension, vasculitis, pregnancy, up to 12 years of age. It is undesirable to abuse a drunken drink while taking a bath.
Sento Japanese bath
The Japanese respect their traditions sacredly, so today, as well as a few centuries ago, they set up their bathhouse in accordance with all the ancient rules. The construction of the Japanese sento is reminiscent of the Shinto shrine. A blue curtain with the hieroglyph “boiling water” is hung at the entrance.
Japanese bath appliances
Features of the device of this type of Japanese bath:
- When entering the bathhouse, a section is set up to remove shoes. It is common in both men and women.
- From it, two different entrances lead to two separate rooms (datsuiba) – male and female, which are not very different from each other. Entrances are closed with special curtains. Here you can undress and leave your belongings in the closet. In a modern sense, it is in this room that vending machines with drinks and ice cream are set up.
- Between the men’s and women’s locker rooms is a kind of stand (Bandai) whose height reaches 1.8 meters. On it sits a minister (usually a woman) who oversees the female and male half of the intention. The clock hangs above.
- Behind the bathing area is usually a boiler room called a kamaba. The water heats up in it.
Bathing process in sento
Characteristics of swimming in Sento:
- Holiday guests leave their clothes in the dressing room and go to a small compartment where they can take a sink and other accessories.
- Then he goes to the sauna area, where hot and cold water flows from two hoses. The person washes the body thoroughly.
- After washing, the tourist can start steaming in a special pool with water, the temperature reaches +55 degrees. The procedure lasts about 15 minutes.
- At the end of the hall bath with water of different temperatures.
- After the meeting, the Japanese usually drink herbal tea. Some business checks offer additional methods after washing – packaging, and masks. Massage is very popular. It has an excellent healing effect.
Such sanitary buildings are based on the use of steam, which comes from hot springs located in the mountains. Water is also taken from them. Ceramic tubes are used to provide it in the bath. Water flows into large marble pools.
As a rule, the baths were set up in large tombs. Old torches were used to illuminate those who underlined the indescribable atmosphere of sulfur water, over which smoke billowed.
In addition to playing a key role in health care, the traditional Georgian bath was used as a restaurant. They gathered here for a business meeting and just spent time eating.
In modern Georgian baths, combined with bathing processes, massage with a special stiff mitten, for the production of which wool is used, is popular. In addition, the choir that performs Georgian songs in such baths is considered an interesting addition.
This type of bath, is more popular among women, because it involves an integrated approach to cleaning and caring for the body, nails, and hair. The actions have an excellent rejuvenating and rejuvenating effect. Such saunas are especially popular in Arab countries. In the Moroccan bath, the rester is in shorts during the operation.
Moroccan bath in the spa
In spas, this procedure is usually performed in the following order:
- The person resting lays down on the massage table and the air in the room gradually heats up to +40 degrees. This helps to open pores.
- The massager kneads and relaxes the skin by feeling and stroking. This process takes about 20 minutes.
- A heating suspension is applied to the skin, which creates a burning sensation. It cleanses the skin of dead tissue.
- The body is washed with algae sponges, which have been soaked in essential oils beforehand.
- The mask is smooth and gently applied to the skin. It consists of ground algae, healing mud, and essential oils.
- To make the hair clean, silky soft, and manageable, a special mask is also applied to it. The process will take about 20 minutes.
- Such activities are accompanied by tea drinking. Drinks with a special taste strengthen and improve overall well-being.
- After the tea ceremony, the masters take care of the nails.
On average, the duration of a visit to such a bath is about five hours. However, the meeting includes all kinds of services.
Classic Moroccan bath
Such a bath perfectly helps in the removal of toxins and promotes weight loss. The steam in it can reach +52 degrees Celsius. It is divided into several rooms – a dressing room and a corridor. The latter usually looks like a traditional sauna in a Russian bath.
The procedure is performed directly in the sauna in the following order:
- First, the rest man mixes water in a bucket, washes his body and hair, and pours himself with a ladle.
- The masseur lubricates the body with a special black soap.
- The skin is massaged well with a pussy (stiff mitten).
- The body is washed clean with water.
- A ghassoul clay mask is applied to the skin. After that, you can sit down to rest for 15-20 minutes.
- The mask is rinsed off and the person resting is washed in plenty of water.
- The treatment ends with tea to restore water balance.
The Indian bath is considered one of the oldest varieties. Ayurveda fans are still used for health purposes today. A classic Indian bath is a whole ritual in a series of actions.
It consists of the following levels:
- Preparing for the cleansing ceremony… At this stage, you should prepare the bathroom – turn on quieter music for relaxation, equip a scented lamp, and light candles.
- Lashley points … This is a foot wash. A special small foot bath is being prepared. Milk whey and essential oil are added to hot water. During the dilution process, the specialist must massage the legs, use acupuncture points and work through the legs all over the body.
- Udwartana … At this stage, the whole body should be massaged with sesame oil. Then a special herbal powder is rubbed into the skin, prepared according to Indian traditional recipes. It is rather difficult to prepare it on its own because it contains up to a thousand different medicinal herbs. However, you can limit yourself to your favorite herbs that are available. They need to be ground to dust in a mortar before use.
- Indian Bath itself Swedana … At this stage, the person is placed in a special wooden box. At the bottom of it are containers with herbal teas, which are heated with an oven located on the outside. A special grating division is placed on top of these containers, where steam enters the booth. Closed with a film-coated lid. The head stays outside. The procedure takes about 20 minutes. This time is enough for the body to be saturated with the healing powers of the herbs. You can stay in Sweden while sitting or lying down.
- Recovery … At the next level, the person must recover in the steam bath. You need to take a shower and wash off sweat and plant residues.
- Abhyanga … This is a special message after the Indian sauna. It is done in four hands.
- Shirodhara … This is a calming and relaxing treatment. This involves pouring heated sesame oil on the “third eye” area in the center of the forehead from a certain height.
At the end of this long ritual, the Indians propose to drink herbal teas to restore water balance in the body. You can also feel the healing power of Swedana in modern conditions – many spas offer this service.
The Tibetan bath has little to do with our traditional bath. It does not have as much hygiene as a healing effect. In particular, such a bath can help to treat musculoskeletal diseases, colds (without fever), and neurological diseases.
Traditional Tibetan bath
This bath is rightly considered one of the most unique in the world. Under modern conditions, it can be built outside the city.
We perform the work in this order:
- We dig a hole in the ground with a depth of about 70-80 cm to accommodate the adult in a sitting position.
- We make dry birch wood and fire at the bottom of the pit.
- We bookmark the firewood twice more.
- We put old animal bones on top of the coal that is formed. We make sure they are completely burnt out.
- Place a layer of birch firewood on top of the resulting charcoal and ashes.
- We cover the firewood with spruce, cedar, or juniper.
The bath is ready. You sit on coniferous branches, covered with a thick blanket or animal skin. In such a bath you need to spend about 20 minutes sweating well. After that, the person should lie down to rest for at least two hours. The procedure ends with a message for the whole body and a massage with healing ointments.
The city of Tibetan baths
Not everyone has the opportunity to create a Tibetan bath with classic technology. However, in a modern spa and many medical centers, there is a counterpart of the Tibetan sauna. The pit in the ground has been replaced by a closed barrel-like structure. The person is placed inside, the head is left outside. These barrels are usually made of oak or cedar wood.
In this case, of course, bonfires are not lit. Steam inside is discussed with a steam generator. The air is enriched with essential oils and herbal extracts. Humidity in the barrel reaches 100% and temperatures – up to 60 degrees.
In some spas, such a sauna is combined with a head massage according to the original Tibetan technique. After the barrel has been visited, a number of healing water procedures and soap massages are performed.
Swedish bath sauna
The main characteristic of the bath in Sweden, called the sauna, is considered to be its mobility and density. The structure can be prepared in a few hours almost everywhere: on the lower floors of houses, terraces and attics. It is made of wood or industrial panels. The outside of the house is clad with mineral insulating material and a plate.
The Swedish bath is composed of only one sauna. A powerful electric heater is used as a heater that can heat a room in half an hour. Basta must be equipped with a steam generator. Therefore, here you can set the appropriate indicators of humidity and temperature. The most favorable climate is achieved at temperatures up to +65 degrees and humidity of 60-65%.
Another feature of the Swedish bath is a kind of ventilation. The principle of its design is often used in Russian spas due to its high efficiency. The inlet and outlet openings are fitted at the bottom and fitted with lids. Air enters through the inflow under the stove, passes through the heater, and runs towards the air.
The air mass that “came in” must be forced out through the outlet with pressure. Since the ventilation is located 30 cm high from the floor and is equipped with a box leading to the top, almost “exhaust” air is released from the room. Good circulation facilitates breathing in this steam bath. This ventilation system resembles inverted glass.
Indian bath temazcal
“House of hot stones” – this is how the name of the Indian bath is translated. In the old days, visiting this steam bath was part of the ritual of worshiping the gods.
The device in the Indian bath in Temazcal
Temazcal is a low and circular structure made of adobe, stone, or clay. Its diameter is usually up to two meters. Due to its small size, the bath heats up quickly and, thanks to its peculiar circular shape, flows tightly down walls and does not drip from the air.
A small window is made at the top of the building. The door, as in the Russian bath, is usually equipped with an exit to the south side. The stove is located outside the door. The decoration of the sauna and its interior content depends on the taste of the owner.
Rules for visiting the Indian bath in Temazcal
The temperature in the sauna can reach two hundred degrees.
An Indian timazcal bath is prepared for the procedure in the following order:
- We close the door and heat the stove until the walls glow.
- We scattered volcanic rocks in the center of the room.
- We roll the walls with cold water to create steam in the room.
- Pour aromatic oils or herbal remedies on the stones. They can be made from rosemary, wormwood, and eucalyptus.
- Preparation of the granules. It is with them that it is customary to go to the steam room in temazcal.
- We put banana leaves or straw mats on the bench.
- We prepare cold water to lower body temperature if necessary.
- Before we go in, we apply aloe juice to the body and face.
After the operation, it is recommended to wrap yourself in a wool blanket or sheet and rest for 30-50 minutes. Then make sure you replenish the water balance with herbal chamomile powder, whey extract, vegetable or chicken broth. It is not recommended to be in the draft after the meeting, as you may catch a cold.
In ancient Rome, soldiers built saunas in all conquered areas. Roman baths got their name from the building near the sources of district heating, which made it possible not to participate in the additional heating of the water. It was a tradition for libraries to be built near the baths, a kind of stadium for sports competitions. The house was always decorated with natural stones and precious metals.
Baths are even more popular in the world. Nowadays, Roman baths are decorated in an ancient style, but without the use of sophisticated materials. They still consist of several rooms where different temperatures and humidity are maintained.
A Roman bath is traditionally composed of:
- Auditorium – a room where the rester undresses.
- Tepidarium – a room where the temperature and humidity reach +40 degrees and 40%, respectively.
- Callidarium – humid and warm room. Temperature – up to +50 degrees, and humidity – up to 100%.
- Laconium is a dry and warm room with temperatures up to +80 degrees and humidity up to 20%. This room is somewhat similar to a familiar Finnish dry-air sauna.
- Frigidarium – compartment with two original swimming pools. In one – the water is hot (up to +37 degrees), in the other – cold (up to +12 degrees). The opposite bath takes place here.
- Lavarium – massage and decomposition rooms.
Adherence to the rules of visiting a Roman bath will improve physical health and improve the psychological-emotional state. As for the positive effects of concepts on the human body, they include faster metabolism, improved lymphatic and blood circulation, and increased immunity.
You can harm your health by visiting the bathhouse at high temperatures, pregnancy, pneumonia, gastrointestinal diseases, and the presence of benign and malignant tumors.
Greek bath laconicum
The Greek baths, called laconicum, were similar to the Roman baths; they gained popularity at the same time as the baths. The design features and finish are similar to each other, mainly ceramic or marble tiles were used.
A characteristic feature of the Greek bath is a rounded room, which is due to a better distribution of heat, according to the Greeks. The air temperature reached + 70 degrees, humidity – 20%.
The heat source was an open fireplace located in the center of the bath, but smoke came out through a special cover in the air. Baths and swimming pools were a source of water. After the operation, the servants screamed up water, as there was no sewer system.
The Greek baths Laconicum were of a public nature. After undressing, the Greeks dried the corpse with oil and scraped off the dirt with special equipment. Then the bathers drank cold water to strengthen their bodies. And you could go straight for a swim.
This type of steam bath is very often compared to Roman baths. It is called one of the mildest, due to moderate humidity and temperature. It consists of three rooms with different climates. The air in the Irish bath is heated through pipes that lead from the stove to the steam bath through the underground space.
An Irish bath can be visited even by people suffering from cardiovascular disease.
The meeting will take place in the following order:
- We rest in the first room for half an hour. The air temperature in it is + 25-35 degrees.
- We go to the second part with a temperature of + 30-40 degrees. This room can be used for massage.
- We go into the sauna. The air temperature in it does not exceed +60 degrees. Humidity – not more than 20%.
- After 10-15 minutes in the sauna, dry your body with woolen mittens and go to the laundry department.
- For maximum effect, we take a shower.
In one batch, a tourist can lose a few liters of fluid. After the operation, it is advisable to improve the water balance with tea or mineral water without gases.
The English bath offers unique treatments that make it, unlike any traditional steam bath. The thing is, there is no steam or heat in it at all.
The essence of the procedure in English bathrooms is that hot stones are placed on a previously cleansed human body. First on the back, then on the stomach and chest. After such a heating operation, the rester is surrounded by chilled stones.
Such procedures with alternating hot and cold smooth stones are repeated several times. Head massage can follow the process. The session ends with a general relaxing body massage.
Now, this method is called differently – “heat treatment”. It is performed in many spas.
The Balinese bath is similar to some of the sanitary facilities that are common in Asian countries, such as the Japanese Ofuro. With a tropical, hot, and humid climate in Bali, there is no need to create an artificial sauna. The Balinese bath is built near the district heating. From there, water flows into small pools without having time to cool down. Holiday guests settle in companies in such pools. The peculiarity of such a bath is the presence of colorful bathers dressed in sarongs, as well as the ability to drink drinks and snacks directly into the bath.
This is not the whole list of exotic baths. However, this is enough to understand that the original saunas have long been popular with almost every nation. Paired rooms of different countries differ in their own characteristics, but each of them has a positive effect on the body.